Periodontitis is an inflammatory disease affecting the tissues that surround and support the teeth. Periodontitis involves progressive loss of the  bone around the teeth, and if left untreated, can lead to the loosening and subsequent loss of teeth. Periodontitis is caused by microorganisms that adhere to and grow on the tooth’s surfaces, along with an overly aggressive immune response against these microorganisms. A diagnosis of periodontitis is established by inspecting the soft gum tissues around the teeth and by looking at x-rays to determine the amount of bone loss around the teeth.

The dental team can help with treatment which involves the thorough cleaning of the pockets of bacteria which, in turn will help prevent further tissue damage. The success of treatment will also depend on the patient adopting a good daily oral hygiene routine.